Parties get divided after defeats but not BJP says Amit Shah

first_img LiveKarnataka floor test: Will Kumaraswamy’s 14-month-old govt survive? Related News He also recalled Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s role in getting erstwhile Hyderabad state, ruled by the Nizam, merged into the Indian union. Shah said former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had mocked the BJP for having two members in Lok Sabha, saying they believed in “family planning”.Now the situation was such that the Congress had not evengot the status of the main opposition party in Parliament while BJP came to power with a full majority, he said.Shah set a target of enrolling 18 lakh new members in Telangana to the existing 18 lakh, instead of 12 lakh as planned by the state unit and said he would personally take up the drive by visiting every district if they were not able to do it.“I asked (BJP national general secretary) P Muralidhar Rao.. he told me they plan to add 12 lakh members to the existing 18 lakh in Telangana. 1 Comment(s) Amit Shah, Amit Shah in Gujrat, Amit Shah in Ahmedabad, Amit Shah first visit to Gujarat, Indian Express news. Launching the party’s membership drive in Telangana, he said that in the electoral history of the country, many parties have broken and got divided with just one failure. (File)BJP chief Amit Shah Saturday said many parties get divided after facing electoral defeats as they run “on the basis of individuals, family and caste,”but not the BJP, which has grown strong over the years as it runs on the basis of its ideology. Launching the party’s membership drive in Telangana, he said that in the electoral history of the country, many parties have broken and got divided with just one failure.The country’s oldest party, Congress party…there is no letter in ABCD on which there is Congress… Congress “O”, Congress “U”… all ABCD. After a single defeat, Congress gets split and gets divided with one failure,” he said.He also referred to the Telegu Desam Party, saying it too was split. If you (state leadership) cannot do it, then tell me. I will visit every district in Telangana and take up the membership drive. We need to strengthen BJP in Telanganaand add another 18 lakh new members,” Shah added.He said the Prime Minister has directed party workers to take up a cleanliness campaign, plantation and also water conservation during the membership drive in villages.Shahthanked the people of Telangana for giving 19 per cent vote share to BJP, which he said, showedthat the party would form next government in the state.The Union Home Minister also paid glowing tributes to (Jan Sangh founder)Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, whose birth anniversary is being celebrated Saturday, for his role in keeping Kashmir an integral part of India. Advertising Virat Kohli won’t have a say in choosing new coach Taking stock of monsoon rain More Explained Such parties cannot tolerate failure, because they run on the basis of individuals and family and caste,” he said.However, it was not so with the BJP, “which runs on the basis of ideologyand is moving forward with a dream to make Bharat Mata (mother India) ‘vishwa guru’, he said.Prior to formally launching the membership driver, the BJP President visited the home of a tribal family near here and inducted them as BJP members.The membership drive was kicked off by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Varanasi earlier in the day. Advertising After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan Govt will identify and deport each illegal immigrant: Amit Shah Centre will identify illegal immigrants and deport them: Amit Shah in Rajya Sabha By PTI |Hyderabad | Updated: July 6, 2019 9:07:31 pm Advertising Best Of Express What’s changing in NIA: Wider jurisdiction, more offences, faster trial last_img read more

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Indian business tycoon becomes first expat to get UAEs permanent residency

first_img Advertising Lalo Samuel, UAE, UAE permanent residency, gold card permanent residency, the Kingston holdings, world news, indian express Unlike the long-term visa of 5-10 years for businessmen and talented individuals, the gold card gives permanent residency of the UAE to the holder. (Representational)UAE-based Indian business tycoon Lalo Samuel has become the first expat in Sharjah to get the gold card permanent residency. Unlike the long-term visa of 5-10 years for businessmen and talented individuals, the gold card gives permanent residency of the UAE to the holder. Related News Republicans in US Congress push back on Trump weapons packages to Saudi Arabia, UAE Mike Pompeo discusses Iran with Gulf allies amid escalating crisis Mentally unstable woman in UAE missing after illegal status exposed The Kingston Group chairman was handed over the gold residence card by Brigadier Arif Al Shamsi, Director-General of residency and foreigners affairs in Sharjah, the Gulf News reported Monday.Kingston Holdings owns one of the largest manufacturing companies in the Middle East that comprises several manufacturing units that process plastic and metal.Samuel, who was selected as one of the top 100 Most Influential Indian Business Leaders in the Arab World by the Forbes magazine continuously for 2013, 2014 and 2015, became one of the 6,800 investors with total investment exceeding USD 27 billion to receive the gold card under a scheme announced in May by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the ruler of Dubai. Advertising In a related development, Kerala-born Dr P A Ibrahim Haji, co-chairman of jewellery company Malabar Group and chairman of PACE Group, also received his golden card on Monday.“The best thing about the permanent residency initiative is that it benefits investors and residents alike. It is definitely going to bring a lot of investors to the UAE as a result,” Haji was quoted as saying by the Gulf News. By PTI |Dubai | Updated: July 9, 2019 2:25:07 pm 1 Comment(s)last_img read more

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Californians alert apps didnt sound for two big earthquakes Why not

first_img In undecided Congress, first open call for Priyanka: She should be party chief Related News “Earthquake! Earthquake! Expect strong shaking,” the alert warns users. “Drop, cover and hold on. Protect yourself now!”How much warning users get depends on how far they happen to be from the epicenter of the quake. Those who are very close are likely to feel a major earthquake almost immediately, well before an alert could arrive. But a video produced by a group of seismology researchers says that people in more distant areas could get as much as 70 seconds’ warning before the strongest shaking reaches them.Why was there no alert for the big quakes last week?The short answer is, the shaking wasn’t bad enough in Los Angeles. 4.8-magnitude earthquake rattles California’s Sierra Nevada Californians’ alert apps didn’t sound for two big earthquakes. Why not? A cracked road following an earthquake in Trona, Calif., on Saturday, July 6, 2019. A 7.1-magnitude earthquake rattled Southern California on Friday night. (Jenna Schoenefeld/The New York Times)Written by Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs More Explained Best Of Express Magnitude 4.4 earthquake shakes Southern California suburbs Advertising Advertising Explained: Kulbhushan Jadhav case file The earthquakes Thursday and Friday were certainly very powerful, with magnitudes of 6.4 and 7.1 at their epicenters near the city of Ridgecrest, California. But Ridgecrest is about 100 miles north of Los Angeles, and the intensity of movement experienced during an earthquake diminishes greatly with distance.So, though Dodger Stadium quivered and Los Angeles movie theaters were evacuated because of the tremors, the quakes’ effects did not exceed the system’s minimum threshold in Los Angeles County, the only place where the ShakeAlertLA app has been implemented.The system is intended to notice an earthquake of 5.0 magnitude or greater, and then predict where in the county the quake is likely to be felt at an intensity of 4 or more. Alerts are sent to users in those areas.At that intensity, which is measured on a different scale than magnitude, cars will rock, dishes will rattle and people will feel the earthquake indoors — and may even be roused from sleep. Los Angeles residents were not pleased last week when a pair of earthquakes struck and the ShakeAlertLA app on their phones did just what it was supposed to do: nothing.The app, released to the public on New Year’s Eve after more than a year of development, is intended to give at least a few precious seconds of notice before dangerous shaking from an earthquake. But users didn’t get the notifications they expected Thursday and Friday when two powerful earthquakes struck in the Mojave Desert, and many people assumed that the app had failed.How is the app supposed to work?Since 2006, the U.S. Geological Survey has been developing a network of sensors up and down the West Coast to detect potentially damaging seismic activity. The ShakeAlertLA app is meant to use that data to warn users when an earthquake strikes that could cause damage in Los Angeles County, and give them time to take action before the ground heaves beneath them. NRC deadline approaching, families stranded in Assam floods stay home Indian-American motel owner thought she was not going to survive the 7.1 California quake Another Twitter user, Sergio Treviño, tagged Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles and said he was “waiting for today’s excuse.” By New York Times | Published: July 9, 2019 8:13:40 am The system did not issue alerts because, immediately after the quakes struck, it predicted that they would not exceed the intensity threshold anywhere in the county. As it turned out, parts of western Los Angeles felt the second quake more strongly than predicted — an intensity reading of 4.5 was recorded in one area of western Los Angeles — and downtown just missed the threshold at 3.9. But that was not known until after the fact.What is changing now?In response to complaints, the city and the creators of the app announced that they were making changes to increase the app’s sensitivity.“We hear you, and will lower the alert threshold with @USGS_ShakeAlert,” the City of Los Angeles wrote on Twitter after the first earthquake Thursday.Once it is updated, the app will send alerts to areas where an earthquake is expected to be felt at an intensity of 3 or more, down from 4 or more now, according to Jeff Gorell, the city’s deputy mayor for public safety.Los Angeles officials expect the new lower threshold to be in place by the end of July. If it had been in effect last week, most of Los Angeles County would have received alerts.Officials are also discussing lowering the app’s magnitude threshold.Gorell said the move was in response to public concerns after last week’s earthquakes, when some users said they wanted to be alerted in advance of any significant shaking.“We don’t want to have alert fatigue, but we also don’t want people to delete the app” or for the public to turn against the app, he said. “It really is a challenge to find where that fine line is.”Robert de Groot, the national coordinator of outreach and education for ShakeAlert at the USGS, said the change was part of a move toward “more broad alerting.”Los Angeles and USGS officials said they realized that users grew concerned when they felt the earth move without receiving the warnings they expected.“Practicing ‘drop, cover and hold on’ is actually a good thing, but there also can be a level of annoyance, so we need to strike that balance,” de Groot said. “We want to do as much as we can to send messages to people when they are valuable, when they have meaning. And clearly, for these two earthquakes, meaning was, ‘I want to know this system works.’ ”What are users saying?Still, some users of the app were surprised and disappointed to hear that the system was working as intended when it issued no alert last week.“So the app did nothing during today’s quake and therefore ‘performed as designed,’” a Twitter user named Kyle Krupinski wrote. “Seems like a pretty low bar to achieve.”Some people suggested that the app be programmed to provide two kinds of alerts — one for relatively minor tremors and another for more serious earthquakes — or that users be allowed to set their own thresholds. Advertising Karnataka: SC to rule today, says Speaker’s powers need relook Post Comment(s)last_img read more

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Noon Home Debuts New Way to Light Up Your Life

first_imgNoon Home products are available now from the company’s website. They will be available at selected Best Buy stores starting Nov. 2. They will be available at select B8ta and Home Depot locations starting Nov. 15, Camacho said.The Noon Smart Lighting Starter Kit, which consists of one Room Director Switch, two Extension Switches and three Noon Wall Plates, retails for US$400.The Noon Room Director Switch and Extension switch also are available separately, at $200 and $100 respectively.Professional installation nationwide is offered through Noon partner InstallerNet. The usual price will be $150 for up to three switches and $20 for each additional switch, but Noon is offering discounted professional installation at $49.99 for a limited time. Consumers can schedule professional installation at the Noon Home website.”Rewiring light switches has been a problem … and messing with them is something the average homeowner isn’t well skilled to do,” Enderle pointed out.”I’ve installed a few similar systems and have been shocked so many times I get sweaty just thinking about it,” he quipped.However, demand for the Noon Home system may be limited.”This is a high-end function, and many people won’t want it because they won’t perceive a need,” Frost’s Jude said. “Add a hefty price tag, and this limits it to a niche market — well-heeled technophiles.” The Noon Smart Lighting System reads electrical currents and uses advanced algorithms to automatically detect and identify the type of bulb and fixture being used.”The bulb learning capability is unique, and a nice differentiator,” said Rob Enderle, principal analyst at the Enderle Group.The system is compatible with virtually any residential bulb, including dimmable and non-dimmable bulbs, incandescents, LED, CFL, fluorescent, ELV (electronic low voltage) and MLV (magnetic low voltage). Pattern Learning New companyNoon Home officially launched on Thursday and simultaneously unveiled its Noon Smart Lighting System, after two years of raising funds and developing products in stealth mode.The Noon Smart Lighting System blends ambient, task and accent lights to layer lighting, improve the way a room looks, according to the company.It consists of a Room Director switch and companion Extension Switches, which communicate via Bluetooth Low Energy technology.The Room Director, which has a glass touchscreen OLED display, clips into the Noon Base at the light switch. It lets users adjust all a room’s lights once the system is installed, said company spokesperson Katie Camacho.”You can control the Noon Lighting System at the switch, through the Noon app, or via voice with Amazon Alexa,” she told TechNewsWorld.The Noon app runs on iOS and Android smartphones. “Having a dedicated controller will be more consumer-friendly,” said Michael Jude, research manager at Stratecast/Frost & Sullivan.”Even though the controller is actually in addition to the light switches, it still has a light-switchy ambience that makes it more comfortable to use,” he told TechNewsWorld. “People like light switches — they’re obvious.”On the other hand, “the hardware controller approach isn’t well received, because you need one for every room,” Enderle told TechNewsWorld.”Amazon Alexa support will alleviate this somewhat,” Enderle noted, “but generally a dedicated controller is a nonstarter for now — though it is easier to set up.”Another issue is that “Bluetooth doesn’t penetrate walls very well, making multiroom solutions problematic,” he said. The system combines information about the bulb type with data about the fixture and room type to create light in three modes: Relax, Everyday and Bright.Customers can use the Noon app to customize lighting. Their choices are updated automatically at the extension switch, Camacho said.Noon’s Room Director has a motion sensor that turns on a night light when a person enters its vicinity.Vacation Mode learns users’ patterns over the first week and refreshes the data every few weeks. This data is sent over end-to-end encrypted communications to Noon’s servers.The learned patterns can be set to play when the residents of the home are away.”We never sell your data without authorization,” Camacho said. “Your data is your data. We only use it to benefit you.” Pricing and Availability Pros and Cons Richard Adhikari has been an ECT News Network reporter since 2008. His areas of focus include cybersecurity, mobile technologies, CRM, databases, software development, mainframe and mid-range computing, and application development. He has written and edited for numerous publications, including Information Week and Computerworld. He is the author of two books on client/server technology. Email Richard.last_img read more

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Threat to the ACA turns up the heat on attorney general races

first_img This article was reprinted from khn.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente. Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Sep 28 2018For years, congressional Republicans have vowed to repeal the Affordable Care Act. Now, in a case sending shock waves through midterm election campaigns, Republican attorneys general across the country may be poised to make good on that promise.The case, Texas v. United States, reveals just how high the stakes are for health care in this year’s attorney general races, elections that rarely receive much attention but have the power to reverberate through the lives of Americans.”It just shows that nothing is safe,” said Xavier Becerra, California’s attorney general, who is leading 16 states and the District of Columbia in defending the ACA in the case.Both parties expect record-breaking fundraising for this year’s 30 contested elections for state attorneys general. Democrats aim to translate public outrage over the threat to the ACA into the votes needed to seize a handful of posts currently held by Republicans.This will be the first major election since Republicans tore up a deal brokered with Democrats roughly two decades ago not to challenge each other’s incumbents in attorney general races. That gentlemen’s agreement acknowledged the need for attorneys general from both parties to collaborate on investigations and lawsuits.But some of the same partisan forces that have embittered Capitol Hill have spilled into these contests. With Republicans in control of the executive and legislative branches — and close to staking their claim on the Supreme Court — Democratic attorneys general are seen as a check on Trump administration policies. Similarly, their Republican counterparts frequently took the Obama administration to court.That pressure is likely to increase should congressional Democrats fail to win control of at least one chamber of Congress in November.Raphael Sonenshein, the executive director of California State University’s Pat Brown Institute for Public Affairs in Los Angeles, compared the politics invigorating state attorneys general to a bar brawl.”Two people have a fight, and then it spills out into the street, and 20 people join in,” he said. “Everybody gets off the bench and joins the fight.”A banner on the Democratic Attorneys General Association’s website captures their mindset, while states are busy challenging the Trump administration on issues like sanctuary cities and family separations at the border: “This office has never been more important.”Former Vice President Joe Biden recently endorsed six attorney general candidates in races Democrats think they can win, including Ohio and Wisconsin, and the association plans to raise a record-breaking $15 million for November’s elections, said Lizzie Ulmer, a spokeswoman for the group.By mid-June, the Republican Attorneys General Association had raised $26.6 million, continuing to break its fundraising records.Of this year’s 30 contested attorney general races, 18 posts are held by Republicans and 12 are held by Democrats. (Another five are in play this year, but those posts are appointed by the governor or state lawmakers.)Unlike in Congress, there is no inherent advantage to one party claiming the majority of attorneys general posts. It takes just one attorney general to file a lawsuit.But Democratic attorneys general see themselves as a firewall against an administration and their Republican counterparts dead set on revoking many federal protections. In that arena, every lawyer counts.That is especially the case with health care, where fights over issues like access to abortion have multiplied since President Donald Trump took office, with others liable to end up in the courts at any time.Related StoriesHeat from nanoparticles zaps cancer cells from insideSaunas induce as much physical strain as moderate exerciseWhich type of chromatography is best for cannabis analysis?Earlier this month, a federal judge heard arguments in Texas v. United States on the constitutionality of the individual mandate, the ACA’s requirement that all Americans obtain health insurance or pay a penalty.Citing the law passed late last year that eliminated the penalty, the plaintiffs — a Texas-led coalition of 20 states and two individuals — argued the individual mandate was now unconstitutional. By extension, so was the rest of the ACA, they said. They asked for a preliminary injunction that could halt the sweeping ACA in its tracks — including popular provisions such as protections for people with preexisting conditions.Ken Paxton, the attorney general of Texas, has defended his decision to challenge protections that have broad support, including among Republicans, saying he has a duty to fight laws that harm Texans and defy the U.S. Constitution.”The least compassionate thing we could do for those with preexisting health problems is to take away their access to high-quality care from doctors of their own choosing and place them entirely at the mercy of the federal government,” Matt Welch, Paxton’s campaign spokesman, said in a statement.But the idea that insurers would no longer have to cover those with preexisting conditions has proven explosive, offering Democrats a powerful rallying cry beyond even attorney general races. In Missouri and West Virginia, states that Trump won in 2016 but are represented by Democratic senators, the issue has followed the Republican attorneys general — Missouri’s Josh Hawley and West Virginia’s Patrick Morrisey — as they run for Senate.”We’re wasting millions and millions of dollars of taxpayer money trying to take away preexisting condition protections not just for all Texans but all Americans,” said Justin Nelson, Paxton’s Democratic challenger, who said he would withdraw Texas from the case should he win his long-shot bid.In Wisconsin, the Republican attorney general, Brad Schimel, has also taken a leading role in Texas v. United States, as well as a 2016 challenge to a landmark Obama administration rule banning discrimination in health care based on a patient’s gender identity, among other cases.This year, Schimel has drawn a formidable Democratic challenger, Josh Kaul. He’s a former assistant U.S. attorney who prosecuted federal drug crimes and has promised to focus on the state’s backlog of untested rape kits and take a more aggressive approach to the opioid epidemic. “We’re not going to beat that without ensuring our efforts are targeting large-scale drug traffickers,” he said.Experts caution a changing of the guard would not spell the end of a big case like Texas v. United States. For instance, even if Paxton were to defy expectations and lose, Texas’ legal and financial backing for the case could easily be picked up by another state.However, the message voters would send by electing a Democratic attorney general in Texas — where no Democrat has won statewide office since 1994 — could have profound implications for Republican morale.”Without Ken Paxton leading the charge, many Republicans may soften their opposition to Obamacare,” said Brandon Rottinghaus, a political science professor at the University of Houston.last_img read more

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Alexa Cortana Become New BFFs

first_imgSmart Speakers Mutual Interest Amazon this spring had an installed base of about 11 million people using smart speakers like Amazon Echo and Dot, using voice commands to shop on Amazon or control smart home gadgets, according to data from Consumer Intelligence Research Partners.”We think customers will like this because Microsoft has a lot of vertical data sets that are unique to them,” said Amazon spokesperson Dawn Brun. “You can imagine there are a lot of work use cases if your company uses Outlook.”The commands to control the devices will be the same for Cortana as they are for Alexa, she told TechNewsWorld.Further, earlier reports that Amazon would not preclude future agreements with Apple or Google regarding their voice-controlled AI technologies, Siri or Google Assistant, were accurate, Brun confirmed.Cortana is available on 145 million devices, including computers and mobile devices, according to Microsoft.Microsoft later this fall plans to launch its own smart speaker, Invoke, under a partnership with Harman Kardon. Several other new speakers are expected, including Apple’s HomePod, which is scheduled to launch in December.The new entrants will face stiff competition not only from Amazon’s Echo line, but also from Google’s Home, which so far is Amazon’s only significant rival in the smart speaker market. Microsoft and Amazon this week announced a deal that will let their voice-controlled digital assistants, Cortana and Alexa, engage in cross-platform communications, a move that could expand radically both companies’ use of artificial intelligence.Microsoft customers will be able to access Alexa voice commands by saying “Cortana, open Alexa” on any device that supports Cortana, which is available on millions of desktops, laptops, tablets and other devices.Under the agreement, Microsoft customers first will be able to access Alexa via Cortana on Windows PCs, and later on Android and iOS devices, noted Andrew Shuman, corporate vice president, Cortana Engineering.The Amazon products are integrated with a growing ecosystem of smart home devices, such as automated security systems, lights, window blinds and more.Users of Alexa-controlled devices — the Amazon Echo, Dot and other smart speakers, as well as Amazon Fire tablets, Amazon Fire TV and Amazon Kindle tablets — will be able to access appointments, reminders, email and other functionality by saying “Alexa, open Cortana.””There are going to be multiple, successful intelligent agents, each with access to different sets of data and with different specialized skill areas,” said Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos.center_img Amazon and Microsoft have an interest in developing the ability to communicate with each other, because neither company has enough presence in the mobile space to stand alone, observed Mark Beccue, principal analyst at Tractica.”Neither MIcrosoft nor Amazon have the market penetration in mobile that Apple and Google do,” he told TechNewsWorld. “Their virtual assistants are not very multimodal yet. Maybe they feel stronger together.”The companies each offer their own set of core competencies, said Adam Marchick, CEO of VoiceLabs, as Microsoft is stronger in productivity and search, and Amazon is stronger in e-commerce and has a vast ecosystem of skill applications, including many related to smart home technologies.”There isn’t enough of a competitive environment right now to feel like someone is taking the other one’s cheese,” Marchick told TechNewsWorld.Still, each company will need to work on its respective voice assistant technologies to make sure which system is best suited for specific type of queries, said Paul Teich, principal analyst at Tirias Research.”This is going to require deploying more AI in the front-end interaction with people, so it will raise the cost of interaction,” he told TechNewsWorld. David Jones is a freelance writer based in Essex County, New Jersey. He has written for Reuters, Bloomberg, Crain’s New York Business and The New York Times.last_img read more

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Simple blood test reliably detects signs of Alzheimers damage before symptoms

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Jan 21 2019A simple blood test reliably detects signs of brain damage in people on the path to developing Alzheimer’s disease – even before they show signs of confusion and memory loss, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases in Germany.The findings, published Jan. 21 in Nature Medicine, may one day be applied to quickly and inexpensively identify brain damage in people with not just Alzheimer’s disease but other neurodegenerative conditions such as multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury or stroke.”This is something that would be easy to incorporate into a screening test in a neurology clinic,” said Brian Gordon, PhD, an assistant professor of radiology at Washington University’s Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology and an author on the study. “We validated it in people with Alzheimer’s disease because we know their brains undergo lots of neurodegeneration, but this marker isn’t specific for Alzheimer’s. High levels could be a sign of many different neurological diseases and injuries.”The test detects neurofilament light chain, a structural protein that forms part of the internal skeleton of neurons. When brain neurons are damaged or dying, the protein leaks out into the cerebrospinal fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord and from there, into the bloodstream.Finding high levels of the protein in a person’s cerebrospinal fluid has been shown to provide strong evidence that some of their brain cells have been damaged. But obtaining cerebrospinal fluid requires a spinal tap, which many people are reluctant to undergo. Senior author Mathias Jucker, PhD, a professor of cellular neurology at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases in Tübingen, along with Gordon and colleagues from all over the world, studied whether levels of the protein in blood also reflect neurological damage.They turned to a group of families with rare genetic variants that cause Alzheimer’s at a young age – typically in a person’s 50s, 40s or even 30s. The families form the study population of the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer’s Network (DIAN), an international consortium led by Washington University that is investigating the roots of Alzheimer’s disease. A parent with such a mutation has a 50 percent chance of passing the genetic error to a child, and any child who inherits a variant is all but guaranteed to develop symptoms of dementia near the same age as his or her parent. This timeline gives researchers an opportunity to study what happens in the brain in the years before cognitive symptoms arise.The researchers studied more than 400 people participating in the DIAN study, 247 who carry an early-onset genetic variant and 162 of their unaffected relatives. Each participant had previously visited a DIAN clinic to give blood, undergo brain scans and complete cognitive tests. Roughly half had been evaluated more than once, typically about two to three years apart.Related StoriesNew blood test could potentially diagnose Alzheimers even before symptoms appearMeasuring blood protein levels in diabetic patients to predict risk of strokeSpecial blood test may predict relapse risk for breast cancer patientsIn those with the faulty gene variant, protein levels were higher at baseline and rose over time. In contrast, protein levels were low and largely steady in people with the healthy form of the gene. This difference was detectable 16 years before cognitive symptoms were expected to arise.In addition, when the researchers took a look at participants’ brain scans, they found that how quickly the protein levels rose tracked with the speed with which the precuneus – a part of the brain involved in memory – thinned and shrank.”Sixteen years before symptoms arise is really quite early in the disease process, but we were able to see differences even then,” said Washington University graduate student Stephanie Schultz, one of the paper’s co-first authors. “This could be a good preclinical biomarker to identify those who will go on to develop clinical symptoms.”To find out whether protein blood levels could be used to predict cognitive decline, the researchers collected data on 39 people with disease-causing variants when they returned to the clinic an average of two years after their last visit. The participants underwent brain scans and two cognitive tests: the Mini-Mental State Exam and the Logical Memory test. The researchers found that people whose blood protein levels had previously risen rapidly were most likely to show signs of brain atrophy and diminished cognitive abilities when they revisited the clinic.”It will be important to confirm our findings in late-onset Alzheimer´s disease and to define the time period over which neurofilament changes have to be assessed for optimal clinical predictability,” said Jucker, who leads the DIAN study in Germany.All kinds of neurological damage can cause the neurofilament light protein to spill out of neurons and into blood. Protein levels are high in people with Lewy body dementia and Huntington’s disease; they rise dramatically in people with multiple sclerosis during a flare-up and in football players immediately after a blow to the head.A commercial kit – very similar to the one used by the authors – is available to test for protein levels in the blood, but it has not been approved by the FDA to diagnose or predict an individual’s risk of brain damage. Before such a test can be used for individual patients with Alzheimer’s or any other neurodegenerative condition, researchers will need to determine how much protein in the blood is too much, and how quickly protein levels can rise before it becomes a cause for concern.”I could see this being used in the clinic in a few years to identify signs of brain damage in individual patients,” said Gordon, who is also an assistant professor of psychological & brain sciences. “We’re not at the point we can tell people, ‘In five years you’ll have dementia.’ We are all working towards that.” Source:https://medicine.wustl.edu/news/blood-test-detects-alzheimers-damage-before-symptoms/last_img read more

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Researchers discover mechanism on how bodys antimicrobial shield regulates microbiome

first_imgReviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Feb 12 2019The microbiome in our intestine plays a vital role in people’s health and the immune system. Any lack of balance there has not only been linked to chronic inflammatory intestinal inflammation, but also type 2 diabetes and other diseases.A group of researchers at the University Hospital Tübingen has now reported for the first time that they have discovered a mechanism on how the body’s own endogenous antimicrobial defense shield regulates the microbiome and its bacterial composition; the article has been published in a recent edition of “Proceedings” by the National Academy of Science USA” (PNAS). This mechanism provides a fundamental understanding of the structure of the intestinal barrier and host microbial interaction. “It throws open the door for future approaches to new treatments, but also for developing antibiotics and beneficial microbiome modulation,” says the head of the working group, Professor Dr. med. Jan Wehkamp from University Hospital Tübingen.Cluster bomb effect of defensin HD-5 strengthens the immune systemThe researchers discovered a new “cluster bomb” like effect created by the body’s own antibiotics, the so-called defensins (peptides), which are formed and secreted in the Paneth granule cells, in the small intestine. “The HD-5 defensin, which the body produces naturally and releases in the intestine, splinters into fragments if it is exposed to bacteria in the gastrointestinal wall in certain circumstances. These fragments do not, however, consist of ineffective waste, as was thought in the past, but they have an antimicrobial effect against commensal, harmless bacteria and bacteria that are pathogenic,” says Prof. Wehkamp, describing the discovery. The researchers have found 250 new antibiotic combinations in all in the different fragments, when examining them in a laboratory. “This mechanism dramatically increases the antimicrobial spectrum against possible intruders,” Wehkamp adds.The working group in Tübingen, which has been conducting research into the microbiome for many years, was already able to publish an article in “Nature” in 2011 indicating that defensins play an important role in maintaining the balance between bacteria and the body surfaces in all organisms, particularly in the intestine (but not only there).The scientists use the latest publication in PNAS to demonstrate how the prevailing conditions inside our intestines affect the activity and structure of the peptides: In reduced conditions with only limited oxygen – a situation that often occurs in the intestine – the HD-5 peptide, which was originally secreted in a folded (oxidized) form, is opened and activated. It becomes more prone to degrading through its new linear structure: As a result, the proteases occurring in the intestinal mucus layer can break up the HD-5 defensin into many fragments – so activating this antimicrobial weapon. Out of one peptide the body creates endless combinations of attacking and controlling microboes which is a very smart and efficient way of defense.Related StoriesNew research could help design algae that produces fuels and cleanup chemicalsNew methods to recognize antimicrobial resistant bacteria and how they workRaw meat can act as reservoir for bacteria associated with hospital infectionsNothing passes through the HD-6 defensin netInterestingly, nature has created a completely different defense mechanism in the other Paneth cell defensin peptide – defensin HD-6: In contrast to HD-5 it is protected from any degradation by the proteases because it is able to form an impenetrable net. The scientists report that the HD-6 defensin remains completely stable in the natural gastrointestinal mucus, while HD-5 is broken down into fragments in the same location.The researchers were able to artificially produce individual fragments of the HD-5 defensin during a following stage and exposed them to different kinds of bacteria. The results were impressive: The fragments demonstrated amazing, variable, antimicrobial activity against harmless and pathogenic bacteria, including gram-negative bacteria, which are notorious for forming resistance to antibiotics.Greater variety of intestinal flora in miceThe working group in Tübingen was also able to prove that HD-5 fragments affect the composition of bacteria in the intestine of mice and increase the variety of flora in the small intestine. A particular HD-5 fragment was fed to mice orally, for instance – in contrast to a control group, which received normal food. The results were surprising: Administering the fragment led to a higher proportion of akkermansia sp. bacteria in the intestine of the mice. A decrease in the presence of these “good” bacteria had been associated with various diseases like diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome in earlier studies. “The fragmentation increases the variability of the antimicrobial defenses, particularly because the initial peptide is one of the most commonly produced and secreted peptides in the whole organism,” says Jan Wehkamp.Treatment opportunities and new antibiotics”This pioneer work has opened the door to an entirely new understanding of how host defense functions when confronted by bacteria, but also how the microbiome is regulated. This will be very interesting, as an enormous amount of research work is taking place on the microbiome around the globe,” says Jan Wehkamp, summarizing developments. The discovery made by the group in Tübingen opens up opportunities of finding new antibiotic substances as modulators of the microbiome or new types of antibiotics.However, the ongoing analysis of fragments of antimicrobial peptides and their role in providing defenses against microorganisms – including possible approaches to treatment for bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics – is only at a very early stage. It is easy to reproduce the fragments discovered by the working group in Tübingen and they could play a role in treating various diseases in the future.The work of the group, is part of Jan Wehkamp’s Heisenberg Professorship for Innate Immunity at the Medical University Clinic at Tübingen, is also originated as part of the Research Excellence Cluster at the University of Tübingen.Source: https://uni-tuebingen.de/last_img read more

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Air pollution increases risk for respiratory hospitalization among childhood cancer survivors

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Apr 24 2019Poor air quality days significantly increase the risk of hospitalizations for respiratory issues in young survivors of cancer, according to a study conducted by researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) and published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.Better treatments–developed through research–have resulted in a dramatic increase in the rates of childhood cancer survival; today, nearly 80 percent of children diagnosed with cancer will survive their disease. However, these survivors may experience long-term detrimental health issues related to their cancer treatment. In this project, HCI researchers sought to better understand what a polluted environment means for the health of cancer survivors who may already be at a higher risk for illness because of the type of cancer treatment they received. The team examined the medical records of nearly 4,000 childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors diagnosed or treated at Primary Children’s Hospital between 1986 and 2012. They tracked when and how often those survivors required emergency room treatment or were admitted to a hospital in Utah due to respiratory illness. The study was divided into three groups: those who received chemotherapy as part of their cancer treatment, those who didn’t receive chemotherapy, and a cancer-free group. The researchers found the risk for respiratory hospitalization was significantly higher among the survivors who received chemotherapy compared to the cancer-free group.HCI’s researchers were specifically looking at what happened to survivors on unhealthy air days. The study found the risk for hospitalizations among cancer survivors was significant when air pollution (PM2.5) was below the standard for sensitive groups (35.4 μg/m3), implying that levels below that protective standard may still contribute to respiratory problems for cancer survivors. Of the 3,819 survivors in the study, 185 had a total of 335 respiratory events documented in their medical record. 91 percent of hospitalizations and 75 percent of emergency room visits took place along the Wasatch Front counties of Salt Lake, Davis, Utah and Weber.Related StoriesCancer killing capability of lesser-known immune cells identifiedSugary drinks linked to cancer finds studyStudy reveals link between inflammatory diet and colorectal cancer riskThis is the first study to report a connection between PM 2.5 levels and childhood cancer survivors requiring emergency treatment or hospitalization for respiratory issues. Survivors of childhood cancers may have higher vulnerability to high levels of PM2.5 because of lung damage and potential immunosuppression resulting from cancer and treatment with chemotherapy.”This study has wide application to cancer survivors in Utah as well as nationwide,” said Judy Ou, PhD, a cancer epidemiologist at HCI and lead author on the study. “There are approximately 17 million cancer survivors in the United States, and statistics show about 40 percent of the U.S. population lives in places that are considered polluted at certain times of the year. This study provides valuable information to the medical community about how air pollution affects young survivors of cancer. We can use this to inform strategies to address this risk.”Anne Kirchhoff, PhD, HCI cancer researcher and associate professor of pediatrics at the U of U, said, “We really haven’t thought about how environmental exposures may affect long-term healthcare needs and health outcomes. We may need to rethink guidelines, both on air pollution notifications from public health agencies as well as guidelines we’re giving cancer patients.”Kirchhoff and Ou are working to identify effective strategies for sharing this information with health advocates, air quality organizations, and families affected by childhood cancers. The researchers collaborated with scientists from other departments at the University of Utah and Brigham Young University on this work.The researchers say the Utah Population Database was vital to their research. They hope to use the resource on a follow-up project that would include a larger sample size to further evaluate the results of this study. They would also like to extend the study to adult cancer survivor populations. “We would like to understand the effects of pollution on a large sample and be able to provide guidance to cancer survivors across the country,” said Ou.Source: https://healthcare.utah.edu/huntsmancancerinstitute/news/2019/04/air-pollution-poses-risks-for-childhood-cancer-survivors.phplast_img read more

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Study finds slime and biofilm hidden in hospital sinks faucets

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 27 2019Hand hygiene is a critical component of infection prevention in hospitals, but the unintended consequences include water splashing out of a sink to spread contaminants from dirty faucets according to new research presented last week in Philadelphia at the 46th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).Researchers at the University of Michigan Health System assessed eight different designs across four intensive care units to determine how dirty sinks and faucets really are. They found that a shallow depth of the sink bowl enabled potentially contaminated water to splash onto patient care items, healthcare worker hands, and into patient care spaces – at times at a distance of more than four feet from the sink itself. Related StoriesHave cancer, must travel: Patients left in lurch after hospital closesStudy looks at impact of hospital readmissions penalties on targeted surgical conditionsFlying insects in hospitals harbor pathogenic bacteriaTo identify the grime level of the sinks, the researchers used adenosine triphosphate (ATP) monitoring to measure the cleanliness. Visible biofilm was associated with higher ATP readings, and cultures tested over the course of the study grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa, mold, and other environmental organisms.The research team also found aerators on sinks where they had previously been removed, pointing to an overall inconsistency of equipment protocols across the facility. Included in the design improvement program were sink guards, which were shown to limit splash significantly.”As we learn more about the often stealthy ways in which germs can spread inside healthcare facilities, infection preventionists play an increasingly important role in healthcare facility design – including in the selection of sink and faucet fixtures – as this study illustrates,” said 2019 APIC President Karen Hoffmann, RN, MS, CIC, FSHEA, FAPIC. “Because the healthcare environment can serve as a source of resistant organisms capable of causing dangerous infections, an organization’s infection prevention and control program must ensure that measures are in place to reduce the risk of transmission from environmental sources and monitor compliance with those measures.” Source:Association for Professionals in Infection ControlJournal reference:VanderElzen, K. et al. (2019) The Hidden Truth in the Faucets: A QualityImprovement Project and Splash Study of Hospital Sinks. American Journal of Infection Control. doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.04.048. The inside of faucets where you can’t clean were much dirtier than expected. Potentially hazardous germs in and around sinks present a quandary for infection preventionists, since having accessible sinks for hand washing is so integral to everything we promote. Acting on the information we found, we have undertaken a comprehensive faucet replacement program across our hospital.”Study author Kristen VanderElzen, MPH, CIClast_img read more

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Bariatric surgery should be offered to all patients who would benefit

first_imgA new set of guidelinesThe American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery has developed a new set of guidelines on who could opt for bariatric surgery. Brethauer was the president of the society when these revised guidelines came into place. Surgery ‘should be an option for patients who would benefit’Bariatric surgery is a form of surgery where the insides of the stomach and the digestive system is made smaller to accommodate less food. This leads to changes in the digestive physiology of the body and also tips the energy intake and expenditure balance in favor of the patient.“Too many [people] see obesity as a problem of willpower, and it’s simply not. Patients must participate in their care by making healthy lifestyle changes, but the most effective treatment is often surgery, and that should be an option for patients who would benefit,” Brethauer added.Under the present guidelines for the management of obesity, patients who want to undergo bariatric surgery to lose their excess weight need to meet certain criteria. These criteria, says Brethauer, were developed nearly thirty years ago and depend almost entirely on the Body Mass Index (BMI) of the patients.For example, the 1991 National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference Guidelines states that patients would be chosen for bariatric surgery only if their BMI is 40 or higher. In case their BMI is 35 or higher, they would be considered for bariatric surgery only if they have other life-threatening ailments such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes that is uncontrolled or cardiovascular ailments.Brethauer said this needs to change, adding, “For example, if you have two patients who each have obesity with uncontrolled diabetes, the patient who has a BMI of 35 or higher would qualify for bariatric surgery, while the other patient with a BMI of 34 or lower would often be denied coverage by insurance companies.”“National data says that two-thirds of the population is either overweight or obese, and up to 8% are severely obese and clearly would qualify for bariatric surgery. But right now in the United States, we do more than 250,000 bariatric surgeries a year, so that means we’re operating on 1% of the patients who are eligible for surgery based on their BMI.”“There’s now about 12 randomized controlled trials that demonstrate that surgery provides better benefits, more remission of diabetes, than ongoing medical therapy, even really intensive medical therapy.”Experts on the panel have added that there have been multiple clinical trials and studies that have shown that people with lower BMIs could also benefit from bariatric surgery. Surgery is, by far, the most effective tool in managing or reversing Type 2 diabetes. Just as doctors wouldn’t wait until a patient has advanced-stage cancer to treat their disease, patients shouldn’t have to wait until they are severely obese to undergo surgery.”Dr. Stacy Brethauer The patient who doesn’t get the operation, we know very well that their disease will progress and their lifespan will be shortened. Continuing to increase their insulin requirements will not change the trajectory of the disease. Surgery does.”Dr. Stacy Brethauercenter_img By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDJul 10 2019According to the Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), around 93 million people suffer from obesity in the United States, which equates to one in four individuals. Obesity has been linked to a number of other illnesses, including diabetes, heart disease, bone, and joint problems, metabolic disorders, and even cancer. One of the options for those who are obese is bariatric surgery. However, access to this type of surgery is limited for many patients across the globe.According to experts from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and 45 other scientific societies from across the world, more patients should be given the option of choosing bariatric surgery to manage their weight.The team of experts has suggested that bariatric surgery should be part of the national guidelines so that patients with chronic obesity and diseases caused due to their obesity could be able to choose this surgery. The experts presented their opinions at the 2019 Annual Minimally Invasive Surgery Symposium by Global Academy for Medical Education.Suzanne Tucker | ShutterstockDr. Stacy Brethauer, a professor of surgery at Ohio State Wexner Medical Center’s Bariatric Surgery Center of Excellence, explains that bariatric surgery is a form of early intervention into the obesity problem and like any other disease, it should also be on the table for patients suffering from obesity-related disorders: Similar recommendations had been made in 2016 at the 2nd Diabetes Surgery Summit which were published in the journal Diabetes Care. It was aimed to outline the pros and cons of bariatric surgery. These guidelines received approval of over 45 scientific and medical societies around the world.The team now urges physicians as well as insurance providers to accept and adopt these new guidelines so that more and more obese patients can opt for bariatric surgeries. Source:Criteria for Bariatric Surgery Should Consider More Than Just Patient’s Weight. Ohio State University Press Release.last_img read more

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Volkswagen suspends executive over monkey tests

In this Aug. 2, 2017 file photo the exhaust pipes of a VW Diesel car are photographed in Frankfurt, Germany. The chairman of Volkswagen says that diesel exhaust tests involving monkeys were “totally incomprehensible” and the matter must be “investigated fully and unconditionally.” Monday’s comments by Hans Dieter Poetsch, reported by the dpa news agency, come in the wake of a report by the New York Times that a research group funded by auto companies exposed monkeys to diesel exhaust from a late-model Volkswagen, while another group was exposed to fumes from an older Ford pickup. (AP Photo/Michael Probst, file) © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. The company said in a statement Tuesday that Thomas Steg, head of government relations and sustainability, was stepping away from his duties at his own request.The statement said the company was “drawing the first consequences” as it investigates the activities of EUGT, the entity backed by Volkswagen and other carmakers that commissioned the monkey experiment.Steg had said in an interview published in the newspaper Bild that he had known about the experiment but did not inform the company’s then-CEO, Martin Winterkorn. Steg said he rejected an initial proposal to use human volunteers and said that even after animals were substituted the experiment “should not have taken place.”The move follows a report in The New York Times that the now-disbanded EUGT commissioned the 2014 monkey test at the Lovelace Respiratory Institute in Albuquerque, New Mexico, to measure how Volkswagen’s diesel technology was succeeding in controlling harmful emissions.Diluted exhaust gases from a late-model Volkswagen vehicle were fed into chambers where the monkeys were exposed for four hours. Afterward, lung fluid samples were taken from the sedated monkeys, which were not killed for the experiment. The study did not deliver a definitive result.The test was done with a vehicle that used illegal software to cheat on emissions tests, turning controls off when the vehicle was not being tested. That practice was exposed in 2015, leading to Winterkorn’s resignation.The Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute said in a statement that the tests were designed by EUGT and the lab itself was initially not aware the vehicle had been rigged. It said it complied with regulations for the treatment of lab animals and was committed to their humane and ethical treatment. Volkswagen’s current CEO, Matthias Mueller, said in the VW statement that “we are investigating in detail the work of EUGT, which was dissolved in 2017, and drawing the necessary conclusions.” He said Steg “has declared that he takes full responsibility, and I respect that.”Volkswagen said the probe would be carried out “at top speed.” Board Chairman Hans Dieter Poetsch said the board’s executive committee expected to hear the status of the investigation next week, the dpa news agency reported.”We will ensure that such things will not be repeated,” he said. The company has said that rejects animal experiments and that “we apologize for the wrong behavior and bad decisions of individuals.”Government officials, environmental groups and animal rights activists all condemned the experiment.Daimler and BMW also condemned the experiment and said they were investigating. The New York Times report said the three companies backed EUGT financially.The monkey scandal is another black eye for the German auto industry as it seeks to move past the Volkswagen scandal and the doubts it unleashed over how clean diesel technology really was.Volkswagen paid billions in fines and settlements and pleaded guilty to criminal charges. The Volkswagen case led to increased scrutiny of diesel cars from other manufacturers, which were found to emit more in everyday driving than during tests, though not necessarily through illegal software as at Volkswagen. The labs president and CEO, Robert W. Rubin, said in a statement that when the lab later learned that the vehicle engine had been modified to produce less pollution “we determined the study was compromised” and did not meet the standards for publication.”We understood that the EUGT organization was financially supported by automobile manufacturers, but we believed the goal of the study was to advance the scientific understanding of the effects of diesel fumes on our lungs, including the effects of new vehicle technologies that are designed to produce less pollution,” he said. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Automaker Volkswagen has suspended a top executive in response to widespread public criticism over experiments in which monkeys were exposed to diesel exhaust. VW under fire for diesel tests on monkeys, humans Citation: Volkswagen suspends executive over monkey tests (2018, January 30) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-volkswagen-monkey-trials.html In this Aug. 1, 2017 file photohe brand logo of German car maker Volkswagen, VW, is photographed on a car in Berlin, Germany. The chairman of Volkswagen says that diesel exhaust tests involving monkeys were “totally incomprehensible” and the matter must be “investigated fully and unconditionally.” Monday’s comments by Hans Dieter Poetsch, reported by the dpa news agency, come in the wake of a report by the New York Times that a research group funded by auto companies exposed monkeys to diesel exhaust from a late-model Volkswagen, while another group was exposed to fumes from an older Ford pickup. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber, file) Explore further read more

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Citizen scientists track radiation seven years after Fukushima

Japanese priest Sadamaru Okano is one of the ‘citizen scientists’ collecting radiation readings in the Fukushima region Safecast now has around 3,000 devices worldwide and data from 90 countries. Its counters come as a kit that volunteers can buy through third parties and assemble at home.Because volunteers choose where they want to measure at random and often overlap, “they validate unknowingly each other’s measurements,” said Franken, and anomalies or exceptions are checked by Safecast staff.The NGO is now expanding into measuring air pollution, initially mostly in the US city of Los Angeles during a test phase.Its radiation data is all open source, and has been used to study everything from the effects of fallout on wildlife to how people move around cities, said Franken.He says Safecast’s data mostly corroborates official measurements, but provides readings that are more relevant to people’s lives.”Our volunteers decide to measure where their schools are, where their workplaces are, where their houses are.”And he believes Safecast has helped push Japan’s government to realise that “transparency and being open are very important to create trust.””The power of citizen science means that you can’t stop it and also that you can’t ignore it.” The machine is sending data to Safecast, an NGO born after the March 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster that says it has now built the world’s largest radiation dataset, thanks to the efforts of citizen scientists like Seirinji’s priest Sadamaru Okano.Like many Japanese, Okano lost faith in the government after the nuclear meltdown seven years ago.”The government didn’t tell us the truth, they didn’t tell us the true measures,” he told AFP, seated inside the 150-year-old temple.Okano was in a better position than most to doubt the government line, having developed an amateur interest in nuclear technology two decades earlier after learning about the Chernobyl disaster.To the bemusement of friends and family, he started measuring local radiation levels in 2007, so when the disaster happened, he had baseline data.”The readings were so high… 50 times higher than natural radiation,” he said of the post-disaster data.”I was amazed… the news was telling us there was nothing, the administration was telling us there was nothing to worry about.”That dearth of trustworthy information was the genesis of Safecast, said co-founder Pieter Franken, who was in Tokyo with his family when the disaster hit.Franken and several friends had the idea of gathering data by attaching Geiger counters to cars and driving around. “Like how Google does Street View, we could do something for radiation in the same way,” he said.”The only problem was that the system to do that didn’t exist and the only way to solve that problem was to go and build it ourselves. So that’s what we did.”Making informed choicesWithin a week, the group had a prototype and began getting readings that suggested the 20 kilometre (12 mile) exclusion zone declared around the Fukushima plant had no basis in the data, Franken said.”Evacuees were sent from areas with lower radiation to areas with higher radiation” in some cases, he said. Forty kilometres away, in the town of Koriyama, Norio Watanabe was supervising patiently as his giggling teenage pupils attempted to build basic versions of Safecast’s Geiger counter.Dressed in blazers and tartan skirts, the girls pored over instructions on where to place diodes and wires.Watanabe has been a Safecast volunteer since 2011, and has a mobile Geiger counter in his car.In the days after the disaster evacuees flocked to Koriyama, which was outside the evacuation zone, and he assumed his town was safe.”But after I started to do the measurements, I realised there was a high level of risk here as well,” he said.’You can’t ignore it’He sent his children away, but stayed behind to look after his mother, a decision he believes may have contributed to his 2015 diagnosis with thyroid cancer.”As a scientist, I think the chance that it was caused by the Fukushima accident might be 50-50, but in my heart, I think it was likely the cause,” he said.His thyroid was removed and he is now healthy, but Watanabe worries about his students, who he fears “will carry risk with them for the rest of their lives.””If there are no people like me who continue to monitor the levels, it will be forgotten.” Explore further © 2018 AFP Beneath the elegant curves of the roof on the Seirinji Buddhist temple in Japan’s Fukushima region hangs an unlikely adornment: a Geiger counter collecting real-time radiation readings. Schoolgirls check an app connected to a geiger counter to measure radiation in a classroom in Fukushima prefecture Citation: ‘Citizen scientists’ track radiation seven years after Fukushima (2018, March 11) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-citizen-scientists-track-years-fukushima.html American praised for getting Japan radiation data Japanese teacher Norio Watanabe work with Safecast to teach his pupils how to measure radiation This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. A geiger counter operated by the Safecast group is attached to a fence near the stricken Dai-ichi power plant The zone was eventually redrawn, but for many local residents it was too late to restore trust in the government.Okano evacuated his mother, wife and son while he stayed with his flock.But a year later, based on his own readings and after decontamination efforts, he brought them back.He learned about Safecast’s efforts and in 2013 installed one of their static counters on his temple, in part to help reassure worshippers.”I told them: we are measuring the radiation on a daily basis… so if you access the (Safecast) website you can choose (if you think) it’s safe or not.” read more

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Marine exploration sensing with light and sound

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Oceanic sensor networks that collect and transmit high-quality, real-time data could transform the understanding of marine ecology, improve pollution and disaster management, and inform multiple industries that draw on ocean resources. A KAUST research team is designing and optimizing underwater wireless sensor networks that could vastly improve existing ocean sensing equipment. Explore further “Currently, underwater sensors use acoustic waves to communicate data,” explains Nasir Saeed, who is working on a new hybrid optical-acoustic sensor design with colleagues Abdulkadir Celik, Mohamed Slim Alouini and Tareq Al-Naffouri. “However, while acoustic communication works over long distances, it can only transmit limited amounts of data with long delays. Recent research has also shown that noise created by humans in the oceans adversely affects marine life. We need to develop alternative, energy-efficient sensors that limit noise pollution while generating high-quality data.”One option is to use optical communication technology instead, but light waves will only travel short distances underwater before they are absorbed. Optical sensors also rely heavily on pointing and tracking mechanisms to ensure they are correctly orientated to send and receive signals. The team therefore propose a hybrid sensor capable of transmitting both acoustic and optical signals simultaneously. In this way, a data-collection buoy on the water surface can communicate with every sensor in a network spread out beneath it.However, marine research requires accurate measurements taken from precise locations, so scientists need to know where every sensor is at any given time. The team used mathematical modeling to develop a proof-of-concept localization technique.”Using our technique, the sensors transmit their received signal strength information (RSSI) to the surface buoy,” says Saeed. “For a large communication distance, the sensors use acoustic signals, but if the sensor is within close range of another sensor, it will send an optical signal instead.”Multiple RSSI measurements for each sensor are collected by the surface buoy. The buoy then weights these measurements to give preference to the most accurate readings before calculating where each sensor is positioned.Alouini’s and Al-Naffouri’s teams propose that their sensors will require a new energy source rather than relying on short-term battery power. They envisage an energy-harvesting system that powers fuel cells using microscopic algae or piezoelectric (mechanical stress) energy. Provided by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology KAUST researchers are modeling various techniques for improving wireless underwater sensor networks. For example, new wireless hybrid sensors that use both acoustic and optical communication could improve underwater data collection for ocean observation. Credit: © 2018 Abdulkadir Celik More information: et al, Energy Harvesting Hybrid Acoustic-Optical Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks Localization, Sensors (2017). DOI: 10.3390/s18010051 Underwater sensor successfully tested Citation: Marine exploration sensing with light and sound (2018, March 13) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-marine-exploration.html read more

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Indias TCS crosses 100bln market value

© 2018 AFP The market capitalisation value of India’s Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has passed $100 billion—the second Indian company in history to cross the symbolic mark Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) became the first Indian company in a decade to breach the $100-billion market value barrier after stocks in the IT giant soared on Monday. Citation: India’s TCS crosses $100-bln market value (2018, April 23) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-india-tcs-bln.html India’s TCS records 3.6% decline in quarterly profits This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Shares in India’s largest software exporter rose more than 4 percent following positive earnings results to hit a high of 3,557 rupees ($53.53) on the Bombay Stock Exchange’s Sensex index.The surge propelled the firm’s market capitalisation value to 681 trillion rupees, above $100 billion, as TCS became just the second Indian company in history to cross the symbolic mark.Reliance Industries, the energy-to-telecoms conglomerate owned by Asia’s richest man Mukesh Ambani, was the first Indian group to breach the $100-billion marker, back in 2008.”It is an important milestone, which not only gives us something to cheer but also changes the perspective and sentiment toward other Indian software makers,” Gaurang Shah, head investment strategist at Geojit Financial Services Ltd. in Mumbai, told Bloomberg News.The shares were spurred by a TCS earnings report released on Thursday which showed that the technology company had enjoyed a 4.4 per cent rise in consolidated net profit year-on-year for the quarter ending March.TCS recorded net profits of 69.04 billion rupees, beating many analysts’ expectations. The IT services exporter has also been boosted by a weakening rupee.TCS was at the forefront of India becoming a back office to the world as companies—largely in developed nations—subcontracted work, taking advantage of the country’s skilled English-speaking workforce. The flagship industry has made India a top business destination by offering software development and information technology, engineering and design and other services. Explore further read more

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Human excrement efficiently converted to hydrochar

first_img Citation: Human excrement efficiently converted to hydrochar (2018, November 15) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-human-excrement-efficiently-hydrochar.html Explore further According to the groundbreaking pilot study published in the Journal of Cleaner Production, researchers at BGU’s Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research have refined a process using hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) to heat raw solid human waste in a designated “pressure cooker” and convert excreta into hydrochar: a safe, reusable biomass fuel resembling charcoal.The BGU researchers conducted similar research last year on poultry excrement.The discovery addresses two challenges prevalent in the developing world: sanitation and growing energy needs. While access to waste treatment worldwide has expanded significantly in recent years, approximately 2.3 billion people still lack basic sanitation services, according to the World Health Organization. Of those, 892 million people—mostly in rural areas—defecate in the open. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation sees sanitation as a major world health issue and has launched the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge & Expo to address this problem.”Human excreta are considered hazardous due to their potential to transmit disease,” says Prof. Amit Gross, who is the newly appointed director of the Zuckerberg Institute. “While it is rich in organic matter nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, human waste also contains micro pollutants from pharmaceuticals, which can lead to environmental problems if not disposed or reused properly.”Energy scarcity is also a challenge in these regions. Approximately two billion people worldwide use solid biomass, especially wood, which is converted into charcoal and then used for cooking and heating. But these practices also leave a footprint on the environment: air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, and soil erosion.”By treating human waste properly, we can address both of these issues at once,” Prof. Gross says.In the study, the researchers subjected the raw waste through HTC to three temperatures (180, 210 and 240° C) and reaction times (30, 60 and 120 minutes). The solids become dehydrated, creating a combustible solid substance known as hydrochar, as well as a nutrient-rich aqueous phase liquid.The researchers, including doctoral candidates Reut Yahav Spitzer and Vivian Mau, said the reaction that creates the hydrochar sterilizes the waste material, so it becomes safe to handle. The “coals” can potentially be utilized for household heating and cooking, while the liquid byproduct (the aqueous phase) could be used as fertilizer. Poultry excrement could partially replace coal as a renewable energy source, study says More information: Reut Yahav Spitzer et al, Using hydrothermal carbonization for sustainable treatment and reuse of human excreta, Journal of Cleaner Production (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.126 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Provided by American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) demonstrated for the first time that raw human excrement can potentially be converted to a safe, reusable fuel and a nutrient rich fertilizer, solving two major worldwide issues in advance of World Toilet Day on November 19. Journal information: Journal of Cleaner Productionlast_img read more

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Fiat Chrysler weighs potential Europe and Asia mergers

first_imgFiat Chrysler Automobiles is torn over what partnership would most help the company turn around in its European fortunes and face looming EU emissions limits, analysts said Wednesday. Waiting for the green light? Fiat Chrysler is considering potential offers from a number of suitors Fiat Chrysler board meets in light of CEO’s surgery Explore further Citation: Fiat Chrysler weighs potential Europe and Asia mergers (2019, March 27) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-fiat-chrysler-potential-europe-asia.htmlcenter_img The Italian-American automaker is often cited as a possible merger candidate for European carmakers, with the latest reports saying France’s Renault may join Peugeot as an aspiring FCA partner.In Asia, South Korean automaker Hyundai has been tipped as a potential suitor, while Italian media reported that FCA chairman John Elkann courted China’s President Xi Jinping at a recent dinner in Rome.FCA CEO Mike Manley has done little to quell rumours he is actively seeking a partnership, saying earlier this month that the owner of prestigious brands Maserati and Alfa Romeo is open to alliances that could strengthen it.”Fiat is not in a position to go on like this for long, something’s got to change,” Giuseppe Berta, a modern history professor at Milan’s Bocconi University and former director of the Fiat Archives, told AFP.”Its US brands are going strong, but its Italian-European brands are performing increasingly badly,” he said.The world’s seventh-largest carmaker has been hit by a slowdown of car sales in Europe—one that could dramatically worsen in the case of a no-deal Brexit, according to experts.The company’s European arm “would be sold off, or strongly scaled down,” Berta predicted.FCA saw a drop in deliveries of 5.3 percent in February—11.5 percent down for Fiat, which is seen as suffering from an ageing range.FCA’s Jeep, however, roared ahead with registrations up 35 percent.The company’s decision in the US to abandon production of sedans, and focus on Jeeps and Ram pickups instead, has paid off.But FCA’s reliance on one region has spooked investors, who note that US demand is starting to slow.European deal to smooth CO2 woes?Supporters of a European deal say it could benefit the Italian-American giant.A tie-in with French carmaker PSA, which owns the Peugeot, Citroen and Opel brands, could ease Fiat Chrysler’s entry into China, where PSA has a strong footing.Additionally, by 2021 the companies will have to fall into line with strengthened EU CO2 emissions regulations, and Peugeot already has the necessary technology—unlike Fiat Chrysler, which is lagging behind rivals in developing hybrid and electric vehicles.Manley has said that FCA has three options, and will take the least costly approach to complying with the regulations.”You can sell enough electrified vehicles to balance your fleet. Two: You can be part of a pooling scheme. Three is to pay the fines,” he told reporters at the Geneva Motor Show earlier this month.The auto giant agreed in January to a $515 million (457 million euros) settlement in the United States on charges it installed “defeat devices” on cars to evade emissions tests—something the company claimed at the time was unintentional.Italy’s biggest-selling newspaper Corriere della Sera said a deal with a company that is ahead of the game on emissions in Europe could be the answer to at least one of FCA’s problems.”At a time when investments required to build electric and self-driving cars (…) are significant, every manufacturer is looking for cost advantages,” the newspaper said. © 2019 AFP This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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Amazon forges fellowship for Lord of the Rings online video game

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Amazon Game Studios will jointly develop the free online game with Hong Kong-headquartered Leyou Technology Holdings, which owns several game studios including Digital Extremes, maker of sci-fi role-playing action game “Warframe.”There is no release date for the console and PC game, a massively multiplayer online action title … la “World of Warcraft.”Last year, Athlon Games, an L.A.-based Leyou subsidiary announced it had reached a deal with Middle-Earth Enterprises to create a game based in J.R.R. Tolkien’s Hobbit-laden universe during the time before the events in the Lord of the Rings trilogy. Leyou will market and publish the new game in China, while Amazon will handle its release in the rest of the world.This isn’t Amazon’s only Lord of the Rings project. It is also developing an unrelated original Prime Video TV series based on The Lord of the Rings, a prequel to “The Fellowship of the Ring,” the first of the three Rings books.Amazon Game Studios already has several games in development including “New World,” based in an alternate history 17th century colonization game.”Tolkien’s Middle-earth is one of the richest fictional worlds in history, and it gives our team of experienced MMO developers—from the same studio developing ‘New World’—tremendous opportunity to play and create,” said Christoph Hartmann, vice president of Amazon Game Studios, in a statement. “We have a strong leadership team in place to helm this new project, and we’re actively growing our team to help build this incredible experience.””Bringing Middle-earth to life necessitates having the very best partners, and Amazon’s customer obsession, technology, and talented teams make it the ideal choice for a co-developer and publisher,” said Leyou Technologies Holdings CEO Alex Xu in a statement. “We believe our combined resources and expertise will result in a beautiful and compelling game that customers will love and play for years to come.”Amazon’s other video game pursuits include the Twitch video game streaming platform and the tech-retailing giant is reportedly developing its own cloud gaming service as well.BTW, there’s already a competitor, “The Lord of the Rings Online,” a free-to-play massively multiplayer online game that has been active for 12 years. (c)2019 U.S. TodayDistributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. Amazon is bringing ‘The Lord of the Rings’ to the small screen Explore further Amazon has landed a prime franchise on which to build an online game: the Lord of the Rings. Citation: Amazon forges fellowship for ‘Lord of the Rings’ online video game (2019, July 12) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-amazon-forges-fellowship-lord-online.htmllast_img read more

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What Would You Do If We Found Aliens Survey Asks

first_img Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 minute and see why everyone is addictedVikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoLivestlyThe List Of Dog Breeds To Avoid At All CostsLivestlyUndoArticles VallyDad Cuts Daughter’s Hair Off For Getting Birthday Highlights, Then Mom Does The UnthinkableArticles VallyUndo The quest to identify UFOs and even find intelligent life on other worlds has been heating up for decades … to no avail. But there are still plenty of spots and wavelengths where aliens could be hiding. So, what would humans do if we found concrete evidence that we are not alone in the universe? Turns out, there’s no real plan for how humanity would respond, let alone how we would deal with such a monumental discovery. The U.K. SETI Research Network (UKSRN) wants to change that by asking Earthlings their views on the search for aliens and how they’d react to a discovery. The network announced the survey, which it said is the largest such survey to date, yesterday (July 1) during the Royal Society’s Summer Science Exhibition, according to The Guardian. [Greetings, Earthlings! 8 Ways Aliens Could Contact Us] The online survey includes questions such as: AdvertisementFamous People Who Believe in AliensFrom pop stars to Hollywood actors to politicians, here are 13 famous people who believe in aliens.Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65848-alien-contact-seti-survey.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0001:2601:26Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball00:29Video – Giggly Robot02:31Surgical Robotics关闭  If we discover a signal from extraterrestrial intelligence, would you: — Not care much about it? — Just follow the news, comment? — Interact on social media about this topic? And this one: Some people think we should send messages into space even if we don’t receive a message first. What is your opinion? — This is a bad idea. We should ban people from sending messages. — There should be rules or laws about who can send messages and what they can say. — Anybody who wants to send a message into space should be allowed to do so. So, what are the odds we’d really need answers to these questions? To date, a lot of effort and money have gone into listening for alien signals. For instance, Breakthrough Listen’s team at the University of California, Berkeley’s SETI Research Center released 1 million gigabytes of data related to such a quest. The scientists had looked for anomalous pings in both radio and optical wavelengths emitted by 1,327 star systems. The result? None of those signals could be traced to anything other than human sources. Just this month, the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) celebrated 50 years of looking for and studying UFO phenomenon. The nonprofit relies on volunteers to help find and identify these objects. Though the members insist that “we are not alone,” they have yet to spot conclusive evidence to support that claim. Even the U.S. government has suggested it’s serious about investigating bizarre craft of unknown origin. In 2017, the Pentagon confirmed that a secret “UFO” office — called the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program — had spent $22 million over five years to study such baffling aeronautical reports. And even though funding ended in 2012, the program apparently remained alive. More recently, declassified videos have shown U.S. Navy pilots talking about seeing UFOs that demonstrated unexplainable properties. “Despite the fact that we [have] never detected a signal from extraterrestrial intelligence, this does not mean that it is never going to happen. What if it does?” Martin Dominik, an astrophysicist at the University of St. Andrews in the United Kingdom, told Live Science in an email. “The SETI community are currently rethinking this issue in the wake of the spread of social media and fake news. If there are consequences for the wider public, the decision about where to go becomes a political one rather than a scientific one,” said Dominik, who is also a UKSRN member. What have researchers learned so far from the survey responses? “I do not want to release any data at this moment, because it would bias the views of those who are still to respond,” Dominik said. Check out the survey and let the SETI group know what you’d do upon contact with extraterrestrial intelligence. 80 Years Ago, ‘News’ of an Alien Invasion Terrified Radio AudiencesEighty years ago today (Oct. 30), radio audiences were stunned by a purported news broadcast describing an “alien invasion” in New Jersey.Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33关闭选项Automated Captions – en-US facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65848-alien-contact-seti-survey.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0002:1202:12Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball00:29Video – Giggly Robot02:31Surgical Robotics关闭  13 Ways to Hunt Intelligent Alienscenter_img UFO Watch: 8 Times the Government Looked for Flying Saucers 9 Strange, Scientific Excuses for Why Humans Haven’t Found Aliens Yetlast_img read more

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Amazon Prime Day Best Deals for Science Lovers

first_imgAmazon’s annual Prime Day will deliver savings on thousands of products for Prime members today (July 16). Live Science is wading through these products so you don’t have to, bringing you the nerdiest picks: from microscope slide collections to DIY robots; from chemistry sets to molecule jewelry. For all you science geeks out there, here’s a look at what we’re watching right now. We will be updating this page throughout the day with our favorite science-y deals. Dinosaur PuppetsHeadbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/59741-amazon-prime-day-science-deals.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  Rawr! Stage epic Jurassic battles with three colorful dinosaur head puppets. Though real dinosaurs were feathered, these heads of extinct carnivorous dinosaurs such at T. rex and Velociraptor are made of soft, painted silicon. Prime Day price: $18.95, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Dinosaur Puppets on Amazon.com Anatomy Apron Instead of wearing your heart on your sleeve, why not wear it on an apron — along with your lungs, liver, intestines and other organs? Soft sculptures in polyester and cotton offer an external view of the organs in the human body, assembled in their correct positions. Prime Day price: $17.99, a savings of 40% for Prime members Buy Anatomy Apron on Amazon.com Newton’s Cradle Enjoy a mesmerizing desktop display of physics in action, with a device known as Newton’s Cradle. The swinging motion of the stainless steel balls demonstrates conservation of momentum and energy as the balls at the end of the row transmit force through the rest of the spheres. Prime Day price: $12.79, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Newton’s Cradle on Amazon.com Shark Night Light Sharks usually cruise unseen in the dark ocean depths, but this 3D illuminated shark lamp will light up the darkness of your room. The LED light cycles through seven colors and is powered by USB or 3 AA batteries (not included). Prime Day price: $13.19, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy 3D Shark Night Light on Amazon.com Prepared Human Pathology Slide Set These 12 research-quality slides are a superb educational tool for introducing students to the effects of disease on the human body. They contain tissue samples representing a range of human pathologies, including anaemia, tuberculosis, cancer, fibroma and tumors. Prime Day price: $40.00, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Human Pathology Slide Set on Amazon.com Inflatable Stegosaurus Costume This inflatable costume will transform you into the stegosaurus you’ve always wanted to be. The costume is 100% polyester and is best suited for people of heights between 4 feet 9 inches (1.5 meters) and six feet two inches (1.9 m) tall. Included with the costume is fan for inflation, which requires 4 AA batteries (not included). Prime Day price: $35.19, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Dinosaur Costume on Amazon.com Over-Glasses Safety Goggles Just because you wear prescriptions glasses doesn’t mean you have to compromise safety during your experiments. These durable, scratch-resistant safety goggles will fit comfortably over your glasses, offering protection against splattering liquids or airborne particles. They also filter out 99% of UV light. Prime Day price: $8.52, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Safety Goggles on Amazon.com National Geographic Birds Field Guide Get to know your feathered neighbors with the “National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America,” the most up-to-date guide available. Beautifully illustrated and packed with information to thrill and delight birdwatchers of all levels, the book describes more than 1,000 species of birds. Prime Day price: $16.32, a savings of 46% for Prime members. Take an additional $5 off the price with promo code PRIMEBOOK19 when spending $15 or more on books offered by Amazon.com. Buy Nat Geo Bird Guide on Amazon.com Caffeine Necklace Show the world how much you love coffee on a molecular level, with this metal alloy necklace that shows coffee’s chemical structure. Also available in silver, gold and rose gold tones. Prime Day price: $11.85, a savings of 25% for Prime members Buy Caffeine Necklace on Amazon.com Nicola Tesla Patents Art Prints Celebrate the genius of pioneering engineer and thinker Nicola Tesla with a set of six art prints depicting some of his most celebrated inventions, including an electromagnet motor, an electric incandescent lamp and an alternative electric current generator. Prime Day price: $11.24, a savings of 25% for Prime members Buy Tesla Patents Prints on Amazon.com Hummingbird Feeder If hummingbirds are native to the region where you live, you can attract them to your backyard with this easy-to-assemble hummingbird feeder. It can hold 12 ounces (0.4 liters) of nectar and has four feeding stations, and it can be suspended from a pole, pillar or branch. Prime Day price: $10.87, a savings of 36% for Prime members Buy Hummingbird Feeder on Amazon.com Math Formula Wall Clock Math nerds will delight in keeping time with this silent, battery-operated wall clock, which displays math equations to mark the hours. It measures 12 inches (31 centimeters) in diameter and requires one AA battery (not included). Prime Day price: $19.74, a savings of 21% for Prime members Buy Math Formula Wall Clock on Amazon.com Moon Lamp Now you can experience the full moon whenever you like, with a spherical lamp modeled to resemble the lunar surface. The lamp features 16 colors and 4 display modes, which can be adjusted by touch or by remote control, and it will remain illuminated for 6 to 12 hours at a time, depending on the brightness setting. Prime Day price: $18.49, a savings of 26% for Prime members Buy Moon Lamp on Amazon.com Microscope Slide Collection A diverse array of microscopic tissue samples representing plants and animals are at your fingertips, in this 48-pack microscope slide collection. These high-transparency prepared plastic slides are clearly labeled and will provide hours of fascination and discovery for curious minds with a microscope. Prime Day price: $9.80, a 51% savings for Prime members Buy Microscope Slides on Amazon.com Serotonin Molecule Sterling Silver Necklace Serotonin is a neurotransmitter associated with the regulation of mood, sleep patterns and appetite, and is thought to contribute to feelings of happiness. With this serotonin molecule necklace, you can carry a little happiness with you wherever you go. Prime Day price: $18.39, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Serotonin Necklace on Amazon.com Boom! Combustion Chemistry Kit Who could resist the chance to make something go boom? This kit includes everything an aspiring chemist will need to make colorful expanding liquids; to launch rockets and geysers; and to generate explosive sounds and sparkle effects. Recommended for ages 8 (with adult supervision) and up. Prime Day price: $36.58, Prime members save an additional 20% at checkout Buy Boom! Chemistry Kit on Amazon.com Men’s Science Socks Put your best foot forward (and by “best” we mean “nerdiest”) with these colorful socks, decorated with atoms, beakers, microscopes, and other science symbols. Prime Day price: $8.79, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Men’s Science Socks on Amazon.com Assorted Science Decals Declare your nerdiness to the world by plastering these science decals on everything you own. Each pack contains 50 unique designs that are fade-resistant and waterproof, each measuring around 2 to 3 inches (6 to 8 centimeters) wide. Prime Day price: $5.59, a savings of 20% for Prime members Buy Assorted Science Decals on Amazon.com Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoCNETMeet the US Navy’s new $13 billion aircraftCNETUndoFinance DailySeniors With No Life Insurance May Get Up To $250,000 If They Do This…Finance DailyUndolast_img read more

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